Bed bugs are small insects that feed on human blood. Bed bugs got their name from the preferred place of habitat and where they go to find their hosts to feed on, a bed. They have been around for years but it wasn’t until 1995 that they started to become a real epidemic.
Bed bugs are brown-reddish, flat, wingless insects. They have very tiny hairs on them. An adult bed bug can get to be as big as 3mm – 5mm in length and 1.5mm -3 mm in width. They are translucent and usually a light brown color and they start to become more brown as they become adults.
Bed bugs have never been recorded to have caused or transmitted disease.
Bed bugs use kairomones and pheromones to communicate with other bed bugs about where they are going to nest, how they will feed next and reproduce.
Bed bugs are nocturnal and prefer to come out and feed at night but they have been known to come out during the day.
Depending on the species of bed bug and feeding habits, their lifespan can vary.
They can survive and endure a large range of temperatures but,
if exposed to temperatures −32 °C (−26 °F) or lower, a bed bug will die with in 15 minutes or if exposed to temperatures 46 °C (115 °F) or higher, a bed bug will die in 7 minutes.